Sunday, 12 July 2015

Tradition of Neptu or Ilmu Titen in the Middle of the Changing Cultural Taste of Society of Wong Jowo

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 Wong Jowo Around The World in Tradition of Neptu or Ilmu Titen in the Middle of the Changing Cultural Taste of Society of Wong Jowo

Neptu Pasaran is one of the guides used by the Javanese for naming a child. It is suggested that a child born on a particular day and neptu pasaran, as shown above, should be given a name containing one of the Javanese letters or syllables shown in table 2. For instance, if a Javanese baby is born on pasaran Pon, a good name for him/her must contain elements or syllables of pa, dha, ja, ya, and nya. The parents may choose a good and appropriate name for their baby, such as: Pamungkas Adi Candra, Kundaru Sadhana, Jaya Lesmana, Teja Gumilang, Hoyan Bhakti Nuswa, and Nyata Gunawan.

If a baby is born on Pasaran Pahing, a good name for the baby is Wardhani, Dasih, Sawitri, Darma, or Tanaya. If a baby is born on Pasaran Kliwon, the baby may have a name with any syllables, except for certain names which are not allowed for ordinary people (Puspaningrat, Cakraningrat, Mangkubumi, etc). The Javanese alphabet has 20 syllabic-letters (aksara Jawa). It is not only used for writing but each letter also has a value that can be used to calculate a person’s good (utama), bad (nistha), or average (madya) characteristics. The letters in the Javanese alphabet are as follow:

Ha
:
1
Na
:
2
ca
:
3
ra
:
4
ka
:
5
Da
:
6
Ta
:
7
sa
:
8
wa
:
9
la
:
10
Pa
:
11
Dha
:
12
ja
:
13
ya
:
14
nya
:
15
Ma
:
16
Ga
:
17
ba
:
18
tha
:
19
nga
:
20

It is explained that the numerical value of each letter can be used to reveal a person’s character. In addition, the result can also be used to answer the mysteries and puzzles of life from a person’s past, present and future. For instance, the name “Sumartoyo” has four Javanese syllables: sa, ma, ta, ya. These four syllables are then added based on the value of each: sa + ma + ta + ya. The result of the addition will be 8 + 16 + 7+ 14= 45. The result is then divided by 3. The number remaining after the division is symbolized as follows:

Table 3: Three Symbols According to the Result of Division Remainder
Symbol
Meaning and Characteristics of Symbols
1 (one)
Jarak Lanang
This means to bring victory, glory, peace, and dignity.
2 (two)
Jarak Manten
This means fertile and having a lot of children. Jarak manten is often called jarak jodho, which means always bringing harmony in every aspect of life.
0 (zero)
Jarak Rampas
Wasteful, bad, extravagant, lacking discipline, careless, disorganized, unable to look after things well (Poerwadarminta, 1939).

The sum of the series of syllables in the name Sumartoyo (sa+ mar+ ta+ ya) is 45 divided by 3 and the result is without a remainder. Thus, the name Sumartoyo falls on the symbol.

Jarak rampas’ which means a person who is not good at managing his money or his family, and is unable to look after things well.

Table 4: The five symbols based on the number remaining Remainder
Symbol
Meaning and Characteristics of Symbols
1
Sri
Happy, wealthy, lucky, noble, successful.
2
Lungguh ‘sitting’
Holding a high position, honourable, charismatic
3
Gedhong ‘building’
Prosperous, honourable, leader, well-known
4
Lara ‘illness’
Suffering, sickly, unlucky, miserable
5
Pati ‘death’
Short life, bankrupt, death of family member

The way to use the table of five symbols above is by calculating the value of the remaining number from 1 downwards, according to the amount of the remainder. If the remainder is more than 5, the process must be repeated again from 1 downwards. For example, if after the division, the remainder is 7, it will fall on the “lungguh” symbol. If it is 9, it will fall on the “lara” symbol. And if it is 12, it will fall on “lungguh” again and so forth. It should be noted that the Javanese alphabet does not have any vowels as such. All vowels are represented by one syllable, ha. If there is a name starting with a vowel, the value will not be counted, or will have a value of zero. So, the calculation starts from the second syllable, and so on. In the name “Inawati” the syllable /I/ has zero value, so it can be calculated as I (=0) + na (na=2) + wa (wa=4) + ti (ta=2) and the result is 0+ 2+ 4+ 2 = 8. When following the sequence in table 4 (sri-lungguh-gedhong-lara-pati-sri-lungguh-gedhong), it falls on gedhong meaning that the person will someday become rich, honourable, a leader, and well-known.

Another naming practice customarily used in Javanese society is a combination of the neptu of the day and the neptu of the pasaran. If a baby is born on Selasa (Tuesday) Pon, the value is Tuesday (3) + Pon (7) = 10 (see tables 3 and 4). The result can be added to the value of the consonant phonemes in the name which will be or has been given. It is then divided by 3, and the remainder will show the fortune of the person, whether it belongs to jarak lanang, jarak manten, jarak jodho or even jarak rampas. A person with the name Megawati (which has the consonant phonemes /m/, /g/, /w/, and /t/) who was born on Kamis (Thursday) Legi has the following character. The value of the name is: ma+ga+wa+ta= 16+17+9+7= 49, and the value of its Neptu Pasaran is: Thursday (8) and Legi (5) = 13. The result is 49 + 13 = 62, divided by 3, which is 20 with 2 as the remainder. The remainder falls on Jarak Manten revealing that Megawati is predicted to be a wealthy person with potential to have children, and will always create harmony in every aspect of her life.

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