Wednesday, 8 April 2015

Bengawan Solo and Gesang Martodiharjo - Popular Folk Style of Local Kroncong

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Gesang Martohartono / or Gesang (born in Surakarta/ Solo, Central Java, October 1, 1917 - died in Surakarta / Solo, Central Java, May 20, 2010 at the age of 92 years) is a singer and composer from Indonesia. Known as the "Indonesian keroncong maestro," Gesang famous with the song Bengawan Solo known to be in Asia, particularly in Indonesia and Japan. The song 'Solo' creations have been translated into, 13 languages (including English, Chinese, and Japanese).

Bengawan Solo - Original Version

The name of Gesang when he was child was Sutardi born in the village Kemlayan, Surakarta, Central Java, October 1, 1917. Gesang born in Martodiharjoa fabric of batik, the last child of ten brothers. A year after creating Solo, Gesang decided to get married to a woman named Waliyah but After 22 years of his marriage, in 1963 they because they have no child. In 1942, Gesang follow a small theater named Star Surabaya, led Fred Young, and he became a Keroncong singer in the theater every staging. Gesang famous name after the song Bengawan Solo. It was continued to visit to the People's Republic of China and North Korea joining  mission Indonesian art. 

 Bengawan Solo Japan Song Version 

The popular of Bengawan Solo was inspired by Surakarta's river, Bengawan is Java's longest as one of most important waterway for trade and agriculture. It seemed to Gesang to symbolise the durability of Javanese culture in those troubled times. Gesang himself would later remark "I had dreamt since my childhood about writing a song of praise for the immortal Solo River.

Bengawan Solo - English Version

Gesang remained in the city of his birth, continuing to compose and sing, his fame spreading through the decades. He came to be regarded as the leading exponent and senior figurehead of the Solonese keroncong style, which is now regarded as a respectable.

Bengawan Solo - China Version

In 1991, a group of appreciative Japanese war veterans arranged for a life-size statue of Gesang to be erected in a Surakarta park, to mark their respects for the composer of the tune that had managed to cross the cultural barriers of wartime.


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