Monday, 6 April 2015

4 Years Leonora Carrington in Memory - Painted Good, the Bad, dan Ugly

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Leonora Carrington OBE, is a British-Mexican-born artist, surrealist painter and novelist. He spent most of his adult life in Mexico City, and is one of the last surviving participant in the Surrealist movement of the 1930s. Seeing the work of Max Ernst in 1936 the International Surrealist Exhibition in London, Carrington directly interested in the surrealist artist before he even met her. In 1937, Carrington met Ernst at a party held in London. The artists are bound together and back to Paris, where Ernst immediately separated from his wife. In 1938, left Paris, they settled in Saint Martin d'Ardèche in southern France. New pair collaborated and supported the development of artistic respectively.

Soon after the Nazis invaded France, Ernst was arrested by the Gestapo, because art is considered by the Nazis as "degenerate". He managed to escape and leave behind Carrington, fled to America with the help of Peggy Guggenheim, who is the sponsor of the arts.

After the arrest Ernst, Carrington was devastated and fled to Spain. Crippling anxiety and grow delusional disorder culminated in the final at the British Embassy in Madrid. Her parents intervened and had him hospitalized. He was given a "seizure therapy" and treated with drugs cardiazol, powerful drugs antigen (eventually banned by several authorities, including the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)), and Luminal, barbiturates.

Once released into the care of a nurse who took her to Lisbon, Carrington fled and took refuge in the Mexican Embassy. While Ernst who had been released from Europe with the help of Guggenheim, who married in 1941. That marriage ended a few years later, but Ernst and Carrington can not continue their relationship.

Three years after being released from a mental hospital, and with encouragement from André Breton, Carrington wrote about his psychotic experiences in his novel "Down Below". He also created the art to describe their experiences, such as his Portrait of Dr. Morales and Maps Down Below.

After fleeing to Lisbon, Carrington set part of Europe with Renato Leduc, Mexican Ambassador. Leduc was a friend of Pablo Picasso, and agreed to marry Carrington only for travel arrangements. [Clarification needed] The event of this period continues to inform his work. He lived and worked in Mexico after spending part of the 1960s in New York City. While in Mexico, he asked, in 1963, to create a mural that he named El Mundo Magico de los Mayas, and were influenced by the folklore of the region. The mural is now located at the Museo Nacional de Antropologia in Mexico City.

"I do not have time to be a muse anyone ... I was too busy rebelling against my family and learning to be an artist." --Leonora Carrington, 1983

Leonora Carrington died on May 25, 2011, aged 94, in a hospital in Mexico City, from complications arising from pneumonia.

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