Thursday, 19 February 2015

Origin of Banyuwangi as Majapahit Generation from 14th Century

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Gandrung Dance of Banyuwangi
Origin of Banyuwangi as Majapahit Generation from 14th Century,- At the southernmost of Java Island the of Banyuwangi is located where this regency has a harbour to serve sea transportation to Bali Island. It is surrounded by mountains and green forests to the west; by sea to the east and south. Banyuwangi is separated by Strait of Bali from Bali.

Banyuwangi is known as javanese or Wong Jowo in Jawa language but there is a different story about Banyuwangi. Native  Banyuwangi group of the Osing community which has a Hindu culture and they are considered as a Javanese sub-ethnic group supposed as origin of Banyuwangi. They live in the central part of Banyuwangi and they sometimes consider themselves as Majapahit generation. Other groups are Javanese or wong Jowo who live mostly in south and west. Besides that there are some Madurese lives mainly in the north and coastal location. The last is  Balinese is more concentrated in the east. As a complex area it is occupide by Chinese, Buginese, and Arabs.

The origin name of Banyuwangi known as Blambangan or its variation Balumbungan. Based on ancient history the people was come the Majapahit Kingdom 17th century. When Majapahit Kingdom ceased to exist, it became an independent kingdom as the last Hindu kingdom of Java. In order to defend from the troops of the Mataram Islam or Demak, which tried to occupy it, Blambangan collaborate with Balinese kings that make it to lose its independence to Balinese kingdoms. During this time Blambangan was deeply influenced by Balinese culture. After around 150 years of Balinese occupation, the Sultanate of Mataram gained control of the territory and renamed it Banyuwangi.


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